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January 17, 1936     The Malakoff News
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January 17, 1936
 

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of fly preparing for further encroach. meats. Their latest complaint is that two Japanese stores In Tientsin were the World ver oo,o0 reme Court Finds AAA Unconstitutional--Democrats Pick Philadelphia for Convention--Bonus Measure Is Pushed Through House. By EDWARD W. PICKARD O Western Newspaper Union. on by soldiers of Gem Sung Cheh- yuan, chairman of the Hopel-Chahar political council. While Japanese air- planes flew threateningly ~wer Peiping and Tientsin, the Japanese com- manders filed a demand for an apol- ogy for the Incident, an indemnity, punishment of the culprits, complete elimination of anti-Japanlsm, a g~aar- antee against its repetition, and the appointment of Japs.nese advisers In the Chinese police departments. of the United States court, Including Chief Joined in an opinion the Agricultural Adjust- ment act. Three as- sociate juStices, Stone. Brandeis and Cardozo, dissented. The major- lty decislou, read by A s s o c I a t e Justice Owen J, Roberts, held that the AAA was wholly unconstitution- al because it Invaded the rights of the states In seeking to control farm production. The whole system of proc- esslng taxes Imposed !to Jlimr~e the program was swept into ~d_=l~!rd. only are the processing taxes l but the court apparently de- the farm benefit contracts void bars against any attempt government to regulate ~arm production by whatever means. I~enaters and representatives who began planning legislation payments to farm to balance agricultural output lot seem to grasp the full slgut- this part of the decision. T'~ court said flatly that regulation production is not within the he federal government and powers to accomplish this, nor ~dherence to a control by federal payments. g~he deelslon destroyed not only the a~ AAA but also the amended act ~ last session of congress, ~lagentlng opinion held that the A'~ was a legitimate employment of )reservation of our Institutions is the concern of the Supreme court that under the majority the unemployment work relief is unconstitutional. ~2by something like a billion dol- ~eech at tbe $50 a phte dinner in Washington. Roosevelt declined to corn- Supreme court decision "It is enough to say." the attainment of Jus- and prosperity for American agrl- remains an Immediate and objective of my admlnlstra- Wallace called into con- ~Vashlngt( n abe t 10 rep- of farm organizations to formulate some plan for speedy supplant the discredited that farmers who have agreements would be , President Roosevelt administration lead- to push through a $~50,000,009 appropriation. Clarification of the status of $L200,- 000,000 paid in taxes by processors was expected when the court decides t.he eight rlce processin~ tax cases ar- ~]ed recently. Legal ext)ert~ in con- gross enid an act of m)nuress would be required if the $971k0(K).0(~i in processing taxes paid into the treasury are to be refunded. Au(YrlONED off to the highest bid. der, tile i)emocrath~ naih)nal con- re.alien of 193G was spill re Philadel- ph~ by the party's national commit- tee~ The price was $2t~).0(i~} plus some prizes and concessions. Chicago and San Francisco also bid for the conven- tioli. The former offered a certified check for $150.t~). The California city made the same bid and later raised It to $202,500. During a brief rt~es.~ Chairman Far. ley telephoned, l)resumably to the White House. and Vice President Oar- ~er moved a)nong the members of the em~mittee urgin~ the selection of Phil- adeiphhu Therefore the City of Broth- erly Love won the prize. The opening of the convention was set for June 23, two weeks after the Republican con- veutiou in Cleveland. NO TIM3J~, was lost In puttln~ through the house |he bonus measure thst lind been a~rced upon |)y veterans' organizations and ap- proved by th~ w~ys and m~ans com- mittee. It carries th~ nam~ of the Vlnson-Patman-McCormack bill and is a compromise that authorizes imme- diate psyment of the bonus but offers no definite plan for raising Hm money. It wouM provide 3 per cent Interest tmtll 1945 for v~(erans refraining from ~shing their adjumed sc, r~ce certlfl~ cafes at once. and cancel all interest ~till due on loans on tim certificates. ~TEU'I*RALITY Ic~islatlnn desired by LNI fh~ administration does not meet with the approval of Sem)lor Jame~ Ilamllton l.ewis of I]linols who, though has asked the Illinois Manufacturers' association and the Chicago Associa- tion of Commerce to support his oppo- sition to It. As a substitute for the general neu. trallty law proposed by the President, Sermtor Lewis advocates enactments granting the chief executive authority to issue regulations placing embargoes upon shipments of commodities which would threaten American neutrality, but stipulating that these regulations should be submitted to the senate for acceptance or amendments. WITH the obvious Intention of building up public sentiment in favor of the special brand of neutral- Ity legislation he desires, Senator Nye had before his senate munitions committee for several days ft. P. Morgan, Thoums W. Immont and o t h er members of the great Morgan banking com- pany. Nye and Ste- phen Rauschenbusch, investigator for the committee, sought _,,to prove that the United States was drawn Into J. " ~. Morgan the World war bY the loans made to the allies by Mor- gan & Co. and Its associates. The tea. timony concerning these loans and their implications was long and com- plicated, The financiers were well pre- pared for the inquiry and were armed with a great quantity of documents, and though there was a good deal of acrimonious talk. Mr. Morgan aP- peared entirely unperturbed. WHEN the delegates to the naval conference in London resumed their deliberations Admiral Osaml Na- gano. chief representative of Japan, firmly repeated his demand that Great Britain and the United States concede the parl~y claims of Japan as prelim- Inary to any agreemenL Thls attltnde stopped all discussion of the British, French and Italian proposal for ex- change of Information about naval building plans and threatened the con- ference with early collapse. The crisis was so serious that Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden himself took a part in the affair, calling the Japanese to his office in an attempt to induce them to adopt a more conciliatory attitude. Japanese spokesmen declared they were Interested first and last In the total tonnage question---under which they demand equality--and were not at all interested in other aspects of naval limitations. SURROUNDED by klleg lights, mi- crophones and movie cameras, President Roosevelt stood before the senate and house in night ~olnt session and delivered what wan nominally his an- nual message on the state of the nation. Actually It was not that at all, but a statement concernln~ the warfare and In- ternational d i a t u r- banee.~ onthe other continents, followed by what the press generally conshlered an eloquent and mill- President tent political speech Roosevelt addressed to the people of the United States, wl)o by the millions were listen- ing in on tlwlr radios. Partisan olnn- Ion of his message Is perhaps wortl~- tess. Of course his sapporters [)raised It highly, and his opponents were equally emphatic In derogation. Democrats and Republicans alike commended the President's opening paragraphs In which he boldly con- demned the aggression of Italy and Japan, though without nantlng those nations: and there was little dissent from his assertion that the United States must maintain Its neutrality while seeking to "discourage the use by bellt~eren~ nations of any and all American products calculated to facil- itate the prosecntlon of a war in quan- tities over and above our normal ex- ports to them In time of peace," The remainder of the message, de- vnted to domestic affairs, was devoted chlclly to a belligereptly worded de- fense of the New Deal measures of the administration, an attack on those who oppose tltem anti a spirited passage in which Mr. Roosevelt defied aaa dared his critics to move tar the re- peal of those measures Instead at "hiding their dissent in a cowardl.v cloak of generality." In only two paragraphs did the President dwell oa "the state of the nation." In tl)eso he said that after nearly three year~ of tile New DPa[ national income 1~ Increasing, agriculture and lndastry are '+retnrnhlg tO full activity," aml "we approach a balance of tile nath, oaJ budget," One passage In the message was m. terpreted by some as a throa~ to close tile lower courts to suits attacking tl~e constitutionality of federal laws. Tap TIIOUGH the rainy season that wlll check his campalgu is fast ap- preaching. Mussolhd continued to send fresh troops by the thoasands to Ethi- opia, It was estimated that Italy'~ I~st African forces already numbered more than 250.000, and there were re- ports that 100,000 more would be sent iu the near future. The Ethiopian governmenL accusing Italy of continued employment of poi- son gas In a policy of "merciless ex- termination" of the Ethiopian people, urged the League of Nations to dis- patch a co~nmisslon of Inquiry to the scene of strife. League officials an- nounced that the request would be handled by the league council, which meets January 20. SECRETARY of Labor Frances Per- kins found in the developments of the last year much of benefit for the American workingman. In her annual report she cited these five great advance- meats for labor: 1. Unemployment compensation, accom- pllshed through the social security act. 2. Old-age security, brought about also by the social security act. I]. Establishment of hoards for settling in. dustrtal disputes lo- cally. 8ecretary 4. Greater co-opera. Perkins ties between the states and the Labor department, through regional confer- ences. 5. Development of the United States employment service. THIS WEEK AAA Is No More Who Will Pay Now? Only 11 Can Run Fast The State of the Union Even the large number of strikes during 1935 could be viewed with some satisfaction hy her, for she said they were "due In part to the natural expec- tation of labdr to share in the early fruits of~business Improvement." IN HIS message to congress submit- ting his approved budget for the 1937 fiscal year, beginning July 1 next, President Roosevelt followed the dou- ble system of accounting his admin- istration has alwayd employed---one set of books for regular expenditures and Income and another set for emergency spendlng and appropriations. He as- serted that receipts from all sources in the next fiscal year will aggregate an estimated $5,054,000,000. Expenditures for all regular government departments are estimated at $5,649,000,000. So the "regular" budget will be in balance, The Supreme court decision reject- lng AAA, the "'agricultural adjust- nlent act," affects every American di- rectly. Issued Just as the President announced his pro- gram to balance the national hud- get w I t hi n one thousand m i 1 1 i o n dollars, the decision upsets that adndn- lstration program. Men with large Incomes, of Wllonl few survive, may worry, for the de- cision takes from Arthur Brisbane the government sev- en hnndred milllon a year of proc- essing taxes that will have to be made good elsewhere. The manufacturers'. or processiog, tax. handel1 along to the little people, was. In reality, a sales tax on Ilfe's necessitles--cotton cloth. flour, meat. The question is. Who will provide cash promised the farmers, since the Supreme court will not sanction the sales tax, disgu'Ised as a "press" tax? Whence will come the hundreds of mllllons the government owes to farm- ers under Its AAA promises and has ] not yet paid? The farmers did their I part, the government could lmrdly fail to do its part by paying. International News Service ~ort~ department shows that out of abeu~ 1,800,000,000 human beings on earth only 11 are known that can run a mile at really hlgh speedt. Of these not more than four would have any chance W "'Death in a Bottle" By FLOYD GIBBONS Famous Headline Hunter, yOU know. it's the simplest things that make the most thrilling adveutures. You, yourself, although you probably don t know it, have something around your house that you'vc been looking at and handling for years, wlaich will one day form the fodder for your life's most thrilli~ experience. Watch that electric fiat-iron, Mom. One of these days it's liable to give you a scare. And Pop, don't monkey with that garden hose. either. There'll come a time when it rears up on its hannches and bounces you riffht into a hair-raisiug situation. You don't believe me? Well. ask Caroline ltehhan what she thinks of those simple little househohl Items. ('arolinv never got scared of the bottles in her medivine cabinet, either. There wasn't nny poison in any of them and she )h(n)~l~t they were perfect|y safe. lh t there came a time when tlmse same medicine bottles furnished a terrifying live minutes for the whole Rebhan fa nd]y. It happened on a Sunday morning in July, 1912. Caroline was just a young bride then. She had only been married a couple months. She and her husband had moved into a new house. There were rugs to be laid and furniture to be moved and a million other things that had to be done all at once. Caroline was so confused that a lot of things slipped her mind. And among them were those bottles she had taken from the medicine cabinet in their last home. That particular borne they had moved into was a small fiat. and one of tl)e troubles with it was timt there was no medicine cabinet. What to do with tim medicine bottles? Well--there was an phi coal-burning stove in the kitchen, and, since It wus never used in the summertime, Caroline stowed those bottles away in the oven nntjl such time as she coubl arrange a better place for them. Thee, in the genera] mix-up, site forget all about them. M.&LAKOFF Insurance Aqency GENERAL INSURANCE Dan Royall H.C. Office at First National Bank EAT BUTTER-KIST BREAD Made in Henderson County Bob Iohnson's Electric Shoe Shop Expert Shoe and Harness Repair Satisfaction Guaranteed For Cut Flowers, Funeral signs, Bride's Bouquets, anything in Flowers. Call Sanders Floral and Evergreen Compcmy Athens, Texas A twenty-year-aid l'on~hkeel)sie ~lrl "from the other sldP of the track~.- working f:~r ~(; a week. wa~ invlte(t hy :~ yonnff In:li] tO ~et Into his llll[(P reel)lie. "Want to go som(,where for a drink, baby';' wns the Invitation for- mula. In lhe morning the unfortunate L"lrl WaS folJnd in the n|an's car In a ~arage. dead. h,)rrihly mistreated and l)catel) to de:till. The (,xetlse for IneD- tloning so dreadful a crime i~ that It ougiH to warn all girls foolish emm,~h ,,, accept JnvltationN from ank[IOWL, rileD. New Jersey says the execullon of Hauptmann. close at hand, will lie no theatrical sbow, No woman reporter ~i]l be allowed to witness llaupt- mann's death, an Pxve]lent idea, el. thot)gh some young ladies will not lhink so. Featale reporters, let us hope, will have bables latcr on. Watch- ing a miserable creature wrilhJng in Well. m:ljb(., i( ~;{s the I)rayPr. (':troline. ! ~;,- -~VN[J Service. ' We are in a po. hollle c,)n(lltlons, and teaching d}versl. , { 4-H Club an Educational { .e,i . ,ic,,i,nre t,) n,,.et ,i e p,'oh,em sition to give all Movement for Boys, Gir{s hrm~vht ah,mt hy this pest. Th,,4il(,hd) Isarnra, educational in l(),,inereasedfnndsfromfederal,, Job Printing nlOVt'llhqtt ti)F boys al~lt girls 1)'[',%('(')1 f~ttlle and eollntY SO|ll'ees stinn]]ate(1 I|10 HZt'S ()~ ted add |'~ve]'l[y yoHl's ill ,.l:l.~ive. *",('I) l)r,)jcct of whi('h Is de. ~':iZIlt'(l h) ~ti)'.]ll|ate ]n[t,rl+st {Ii [l]t)l') hot}!,, a(-tivilies, wh+,ther it l)t, raisin~ ~:lr(h,u. l';|isi~g pets, kee{)in~ persnnal ,~t(q.'ol{nlS, nlakitlg a dress, or l'efllFnish- ~I)~ a rOO)ll. q?he movement had Its origin In cer. talu of the farmers' tnstitlltions and the pnldlc schools of Ohio. Illinois and Iowa in 1891L relates a writer In the Cleveland ['lain Dealer. nnd is now a pare of the co-ol)oralive extension sys- tem of the Un{led States I)opartn)ent of Agriculture and state agrlcultur'H colleges. I)r. S. A. Knapp of the fed- IH*1 ~c bull Luc tl}e [aovemc))L whi(.i{ spread rat)idly i)do all tlw states. The club work of the boys and glrls is iwomote(] i)y county agricultural agents, honle denlolls( ra tlOll agents, county eluh age[ItS, all(] the agricul- [tlral and hon)e econoal[cS extension si)ccialists of the federal and state co- ol)erative agr]ciil[aral extension system. The chlb was named by O. lt. Benson of h)wa. ia 1904, who was at that time a county superh)tcndent nf schools. Our Undertakings Resoh'e that whatever comes or does fai~ Prompt and Caretul Attention Individuality in your letterheads and other printed matter is help- ful to your business. We are ready at benefit refer to the old order of special priv- Ilege, the creator and uphohier of a Soc{al sySteln corm~ining vicious con- trasts of Ol)ulence flIld sqaalor that have shatl)ed [t|e den)ocrafyy of our OWe times, lt~ day In Amerlca ls lacing the we~tert~it)g ~t]n. but the. harsh cracklin:zs of it~ S('~lh' pr,)phPts are still ])e;trd ill opl)o~itil,n () (,very pro- gresslve pl',"+')~:'| rw,,(|ie:in:: (I]saster for every hH)Hal|||;IriHll attemt)t to Iinlcllora|e tl)e f-t of the loast fortu- nab+ of our p(',))d(' "ThPrP are )tt,,xo who take an el* tl3OSt saliv{Ic !D"{=: 'II Jn (]:)';hl)l~ thP bope~ c,t our ))++ }vr~)rlvih,=~,,l (.l[}ze|~s by lll-advi~,,,ll, ,,r.,('{:,tmi,,:: lh:,t the till|ill(' noo,,-ilw {,~ ,~{lla) Of ['~\'.~ [,~I a failure, q'h~. .,,'!- )r,,~,. ill, ~',*~ll):)ry be ~i tl i'I e,l 'V~'I, u,tvo {7 [!V(- ~)rojP,q~ oi) onr demons!)'It~,)~ 3~lm ~l]I :*))*{~,r ('Oil- s[ruction, l