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The Malakoff News
Malakoff, Texas
April 17, 1936     The Malakoff News
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April 17, 1936

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THE MALAKOFF GG • the 21st of April, the Texians, Houston, and 600 strong, had so as to get above and some two miles and in sight tl~ Mexicans. under Santa Ana, Were 1,270 strong, and near to the fork of the two rivers, ~razos and Sabine. Houston. the enemy thus snugly in, had his little army drawn the purpose of addressing it "Soldiers," said he, "there you want to fight ?" was the universal shout. then," said he, "let us eat our then I will lead you into They obeyed the order to , and immediately thereafter, at 4 o'clock P. M. were marched attack. They bore down upon B ,Mexicans at the top of their reserving their fire until near to have every shot tell. A e~'agement was kept up about minutes, when the Mexicans to break and retreat in great confusion. The Texians all before them. Although but half the number of the and but two pieces of can- of four pounds each, while the a six and a nine pounder, fifteen minutes afte~ the ca- commenced, man~ of the called loudly for quarter. the rout of the Mexican, men continued to follow pour in upon them for about Upwards of six hundred Mexicans were idlled, and Six btmdred taken prisoners. were six or seven Texlans and about twenty wounded. Cos and A/monte were the first prisonera taken. The was pa1~ and greatly agitated, latter displayed, as he had e during the fight, great coolness cOUrage. Aria fled among the earliest retreated. He was seen by two one about 15 and the other 17 years of age, to go into a of woods. They kept watch place during the ~ight, and next morning a man came out llke a common Mexican sol. Not suspecting him to be Santa they took him prisoner. He no resistance, but wished to SAM HOUSTON taken to General Houston. He to that officer, when made himseH known as Santa asked the respect due officers and made the offers for his which had been published. ELMO SCOTT WATSON IRECT from the Field of Glory ! Such was the headline under which the Mobile (Ale.) Mercantile Adver- tiser carried the news story quoted in part above. (This excerpt is taken from the book, "America News of Yester- by Laurence Greene l~blished recently by the Bobbs- company). "field of glory" to which IS was that of San Jaclnto. the anniversary of which : observed this month as a of the Texas centennial cole- During that time the name ~gain will be "flung SATT1,E ~WI flJm~tg.,,m the star~." Orators again praioes upon him as the ~,uf San ~acinto" and the of TexaL" They will tell how he vanquished Santa Mexlcan dictator, as It adds to the stature of hero by calling him the con- that self-styled "Napoleon which he wasn't). [ght they call Hous- West" that, of THE BATTLE OF SAN aln~ost as-much DESPITE his com- patriots as he was BECAUSE of them, If you doubt that statement, read the biography of Houston. "The Raven" (also published by the Bobbs-Merrlll company) which won for its author, Marquis James, a Pulltzer prize in 1930. In It you will learn that Houston, commander-in-chief of an army of liberation in 1836, had to contend with the same difficulties which con- stantly harassed George Washing- ton, commander-in-chief of the forces fighting for American liberty in 1776. Jealousy, bickering, lack of co-operation, indecision, inadequate supplies, divided authority, an un- trained and undisciplined army--he struggled against all of these handi- caps Just as Washington had, That he was able to overcome them all and against a superior force to win the overwhelming victory that he did adds to the brilliance of hi% achieve- ment and makes San Jacinto a "field of glory" indeed. Houston first went to Texas in 1832, In that year Gem Antonio Lopoz de Santa Anna overthrew the government of President Busta- mentp and on April 1, 1833. the American settlers in Texas held a convention at San Felipe to propose to the new president of Mexico that Texas be made a separate state. But when Stephen F. Austin. the "Fa- ther of Texas," went to Mexico City to lay the convention's request before the new president, he imme- diately threw Austin In Jail and made clear his hostility toward the idea of Texan autonomy. The imprisonment of Austin and the attitude of the Mexican dictator toward his American subjects in Texas soon fanned their resentment Into a determination to revolt. Talk of independence was in the air hut Houston, who had played a leading part in the San Felipe convention. Joined Austin in his counsel to "keep quiet, discountenance all revolution- ary, measures or men" because, as he declared, "they would be likely to plunge Texas into a bloody strug- gle with Mexico before abe was pre- pared for it." But the pressure was too strong upon him and late in 1835 when the Committee of Vigilance and Safety commissioned bim "commander-in- chief of the forces of the depart- ment of NacogdochesY he issued a call for recruits in T~xas to "Join our ranks with a good rifle and 100 rounds of ammunition." He next went to Washington-on- the-Brazos where a convention was held on November 3, 1835. It elect- ed Houston commander-in-chief of the Texas armies. Having no con- fidence in raw volunteers, hastily assembled as an army, he Imme- diately began making plans for a well-drilled body of troops before attempting a test of strength with the forces which Santa Anna would soon be leading into Texas. San Antonio de Bexar was held by General Cos with a force of 1.400 Mexicans. At Conception were less than 500 Texans commanded nora- E GE 8AN ,/ inally by Edward Burleson but ac- tually under the Joint eommand of James Bowie and James W. Fannln, Despite Houstt-n's recommendation to Fannin that he walt until artil- lery were available, Fannin declared that with 250 men he could take the place by storm. His "army" shared that belief, too. So when a veteran plalnsman raised the cry of "Who'll go into Bexar with old Ben Mllam?" 300 men volunteered and atormed O JAGINTO (From the painting in the State tory and said that the war was over. Burleson, who had said tbat Bexar could not be taken without artillery, resigned and home . . . John- son was elected commander . . . The recruits flocked to the leaders who had covered themselves with glory at San Antonio de Boxer. That victory had been a blow to IIouston's prestige and a movement to displace him as commander-in- chief took form." Fortunately that movement did not succeed, although Houston soon found himself in the position of be- ing commander of an army that did pretty much as it pleased. Urged thereto by James Grant, a Scottish surgeon whose mines south of the SANTA ANNA Rio Grande had been seized by the Mexicans, plans were made for two detachments to march south to at- tack Matamoras, a Mexican town on the south bank of the Rio Grands. The theory was that by doing so they could turn the flank of Santa Anna's army when it invaded Texas but the proponents of the sCheme failed to realize that their force was totally inadequate, both In numbers and training, for such a Job. Houston protested strenuously against such a foolish move, even though the provisional council of Texas approved it. Two terrible disasters later were the direct re. suit of their ignoring his advice. Santa Anna was not expected to invade Texas uRtil spring but in January Houston learned that the Mexican dictator had already crossed the Rio Grande and was ad- vancing rapidly toward San Antonio de Bexar. He sent James Bowie, who was at Gollad with a small force, to Boxer wtth instructions to "demolish the fortifications, remove all the cannon, blow up the Alamo and abandon the place." Bowie started to do this but soon afterwards Houston, through the in- trigues of Johnson and Grant. was deposed as commander-in-chief and James W. Fannin made head of the army. Realizing the futility of struggling against this military cabal. Houston set out for Washing- ton-on-the-BrAzos and when the Texas Declaration of Independence was signed on March 2, 1836, "Sam Houston wns the John Hancock of the occasion, hhi flowing autograph as bold as ever." On March 4 the convention again elected HoustoJ commander-in-chief of its armies. In the meantime events were marching to a tragic eoucluslou at San Antonio. Bowie, Instead eg obeying Houston's orders to blow up the Alamo and abandon the place, bad chosen to remain there with Lieut. Col. William B. Travls who commanded a detachment of 150 men. On Pebruary 24 Santa Anna's army appeared and laid siege to the place. The rest is hls- tory~how Travis, Bowie. Bonham, Davy Crockett and the rest fought agalnat overwhelming odds until March 6 when the end came, for "Thermopylae had its messenger of defeat--the Alamo had none," By that time Houston had started for Gonzales and had sent word to Fannin. who had built "Fort Defi- ance" at Goliad, to Join him. Arriv- ing In Gonzales on Mareb 11, Hous- ton found himself In command of an army of only 374 men with only two cannon that would shoot. He Immediately started drilling the men but was interrupted by the ar- rival of two Mexicans with the story of the Alamo. Keeping the news from his men, the commander busied himself with recruiting until his army had grown to 500 men. Again he sent orders to Fannin to blow up his useless fort and retreat. Then the news of the Alamo dis- aster leaked out and panic spread through the town and the army. Moreover, word came from Santa 55 Capitol at Austin.) realized that theirs was a flgbt to the death. With only the small force at his disposal, Houston knew that any at. tempt to stand his ground and await Santa Anna's onslaught would be fatal. There was only one thing to do and he resolved to do it. He would retire to East Texas, gather- ing men as he went. and try to lure the enemy into dividing his forces In pursuit. Then he might have a chance to beat them in detail be- fore they could concentrate against him. It was the old Napoleonic strategy which he was proposing to use against this "Napoleon of the West." 8o that retreat, which has be- come one of the epics of American hlstorx, began. To read tha story of it is to recall some of the cam. paigna of Washington in the Rev. olutlon. Tho resemblance Is strik. ing and gives further point to call- ing Sam Houston the *'Washing- ton of the West." During that retreat Houston dic- tated to his aide, MaJ. George W. Hockley, an order to MaJ. William T. Austin to hasten to the coast. find some artillery and rejoin the army on the Colorado In twelve days' time. "Houston meant to fight"--and the fight would be on ground of his own choosing. But the retreat did not end at the Co~o. redo. For the panic which had started among the people of Texas as Santa Anna advanced spread to the newly elected government of- fictals. They hastily abandoned Washington and established the seat of government at Harrisburg. De- spite the discouraging moral effect of this action Houston managed to hold hls army together and even gain recruits until his army num- bered some 1,400 men, poorly equipped, without artillery, bu~ eager for battle. Then came more disheartening news--Fannin had been attacked at Goliad, defeated and most of his men slaughtered after they had sur- rendered. Enraged hy this news Houston's men demanded ti~t they be led against General Sesma's de- tachment of Santa Anna's army Lovely Smart Shirred Sleeves With Contrasting Cuffs Have Piquant Charm lawn, or a smooth rayon. By the way It's very easily made becaus~ the dress is all one piece with two pleats and stltchings in the front skirt, and a flattering blouse thaf's trimmed witl~ square buttons. It's accented at the waist with either a self-fabrlc or purchased belt. Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1S4(l-B is designed for sizes 12, 14, 16. 18 aml 20. Corresponding bust meas- urements 30, 32. 34. 36 and ~S. Size 14 (32) requires 4% yards of 35 inch 1 s/, material p us .s yard for contrasting neck band and cuffs. The Barbara Bell Pattern Book featurln~ spring designs I~ r~,ady. Send fifteen cents today for your copy. Send your order to The Sewing Circle Pattern Dept., 367 W. Adams St., Chicago, Ill. Bell Syndlcate.--WNU Servlc~ Pattern No. 1846-II Lovely shirred sleeves finished off with wide contrasting cuffs am] a Jaunty neckline axe enchanting fea- tures of this dress. Carry it out in a becoming polka dot of crepe, silk, Car That Laundms Airplane Employed by Oregon Police Oregon state police have pur- chased a surprising weapon. It is a motor car equipped to launch an airplane, and the small plane so to be used. When the car attains speeds in excess of 25 miles an hour, it Is said, the pilot of the plane ac- celerates his motor and takes off from the platform above the car's top on which the plane is carried. Monkey Is Able to Reason, Says New York Scientist Can monkeys reason? Without taking sides in the man-monkey hy- pothesis. Dr. Raymond L. Dltmars. curator of reptiles and mammals at the New York Zoological park. offers this story in "Strange Animals l Have Known" about a small ring- tailed monkey from South America who shared a cage with a young Brazilian wlld dog and a coati, which is a cousin of the raccoon: An old lady visitor to the Bronx zoo used to feed the trio lumps of sugar daily. The wild dog and the coati, with their strong teeth, could eat a lump three times as fast as the monkey. In this way they got by far the largest share of the sugar. The monkey, got mad, But before long and by his own quick wits. he solved the problem. He dipped his sugar lump In the water trough, then swallowed it wltt~ a few sharp smacks of his tongue, and was back at the wire asking for more long before his two rivals had been able to down their dry morsels! Color Bllnd Drivers America's ~.~X),(Y~0 color-blind mo- torists will be interested in a new set of eyeglasses with which theyI can see traffic lights. The lower two- thirds of the glass is clear while the ~ ONE PUPIL SCHOOL After two of the three pupils of s sdmol near Tweedsmuler, Scotland, recently left when thel~ fathers moved from the district, the educa- tion authorities decided that Bri- tain's smallest school must rerualn open with on~ lmpil--a unique edu- cational situation. Camel. Can't Swlm A camel cannot swim. Possibly he stops to drink and forgets to paddi~ for his life. Married Women Know Constipation Danger After childbirth, women often suf- fer with constipation. That is why Feen-a-mlnt. the delightful chewing gum laxative, ~s so ideal..As Boon you start c~ewlng it, the stoma~h- settling mint brings a clean, fresh taste to the mouth. As yea chew ous the laxative ingredient, which is ab- solutely tasteless, the flow of diges- tiVe Juices is increased. The laxative is mixed with them and ~rrled into the system evenly at~l gently. With- out causing upset, it passes through the stomach and into the bowels so scientifically that your action is won- derfully easy and thorough. Doctors prescribe Feen-a-mint's laxative in. gredlcnt for both children and adult~. It Is non-habit-forming. Sold on money-back guarantee. Oer~eroue family size package 1~c and 2~c~ Stop BU N I 0 N Pdn! [[141[I, upper third Is green. As you look @Ourreadersshouldalwaysrememberthatout community merchant~ cannot afford to adver~ through the green portion, a green tiseabsrssinunle~ttlsBreaibargaimTheydo light appears white while a red light adve~d~barsains and such advettisit~metma ° money saving to the people Of the o~mu~ity. appears black.---Collier's. .~-. , , ., PErEg, gW, OO P tF. D -KKL THBR D Og! -BET BE KEEPS LITTLE FEATHERED Oft, YOU ft/OUtDN " 14AVE To RPE DOWN OR yOU'LL WRIN 'THOgE ON THE RETREAT Houston Dictating to Hockley the Order for Major Austin to Get Artillery. which was camped across the Colo- rado river. Houston not only re- fused but ordered the retreat con- tlnued. By now there was mutinous talk in the army and a growing de- mand that Houston be deposed from command. "For three terrible days Houston drove the stumbling column through the unrelenting rain, advancing only :18 miles. On March 31, 1836, he halted in a 'bottom' by the Brazos PI.EgSE Z qD-- qF tlAD'ItWr PET J . -TROUBLE ONCE- OUR DOGTOg C LI- iT HE'S 50 .MtNERVE , . LA11 LY-- WORKED J HIS HEAD TO HEg-- ERT1N Rl r" with 900 demoralized and mutinous men remaining of the 1,300 he had ~u T~KE A ~ ,t FROM ,,,, led from the Colorado five days be- ) ~ :. ~= YOUh'~ fore . . . Sam Houston's rain- Got soaked and rebellious mob was the ~WELi "fH[~ TIM~ OF Z3FF E NF.gVE: republiC'S solitary hope--menaced NOW DO'YOU HIS LIFE, MR, OST'UM by four Mexican columns sweeping LIK "t3tEtŁ l forward to enclose its front, flanks NOW "I"H~T" ~'--'~ -- /OU'RE A_ PETER GEr'$ and rear." P "THRILL OUT" CmLDRIZlq 8hotdd never drink However, the rain which soaked ~M~IEg ~' OI= ~4~lbl~ cotfee...aadthecaff˘iniacoffee the ~exans also delayed tho Mexl. SINCE HE[ disagrees with .many Kro.v~-ups, too. If you are by ncaaacnes or indigestion, or cgn't ~lecp neededCans andto gaVewhip Houstonhls "mob"thelntotlmesomehe ~iT~H~ ~ ~un~y. "i" try Forum for 30 day~! It contains no ˘~feim It s simply whole wheat and brm~ routed Semblance of an army. lm the and slightly ~weetened. Easy to make., costa meantime .his long-awaited guns had than tree-half ˘~mt a cup. It's deli˘io~, too.., and arrived--two six-pounders, the gift may prove a real help. A product of General Foods. of friends in Cincinnati. With San- FR|E.-L,t us your ta Anna in pursuit, he continued to fall back until at last his mastaely retreat ended on the banks of the San Jacintc river. Then when San- lq~ - , • ta Anna divided his forces, Hous-